加入收藏 设为首页
首页 教育新闻 教育资源 安全教育 精彩推荐 家长频道 学生乐园 娱乐推荐 语文课堂 数学课堂 科学课堂
安全教育更多……
· 留学 探究大学之美
· 围观
· 标准化围墙式校园被打破
· 简快学院
· 20幅教育箴言漫画,让你
· 考试前喝酒有奇效?不过
· 任正非:这5种人我是绝
· 儿童为什么需要在自然中
精彩推荐更多……
· 迪丽热巴创刊号封面曝光
· 鬼鬼吴映洁生日与闺蜜合
· 陈法蓉晒韦小宝与老婆们
· 和前妻陈法拉一直有联系
· 柳岩:身材好想藏也藏不
· 《快本》TFBOYS变葫芦娃
· 马云低调出席汪峰公演
· 李湘写真曝黑历史 女星
家长频道更多……
· 威海百合生物1批次壳聚
· 党参等饮片被查出不合格
· 郑州工商局抽查:3批次
· 泪是血做的?你若相信就
· 深夜街头被抢手机 警方
· 北京工商局:40批次家具
· 中老年人脑血管疾病高发
· 骨科专家提醒:暑期孩子
教育资源 当前位置:主页 > 教育资源 >

    TED

    17-08-13 作者:艾希 来源:未知 点击:131

    2017-08-13 08:05 起源:李延隆老师 麻省理工学院

    原题目:TED-ed|人为什么做梦 Why do we dream?

    早在公元前3000年人们就开端记载并解析他们的梦幻,直到现在我们也一直在摸索我们为什么会做梦,目前为止几大说法有:为了知足本人的愿望,为了记忆或遗忘一些东西,为了让大脑坚持运行,以及为懂得决问题等等。所以遇到问题就睡一觉也是有科学依据的。

    英文文本:

    In the 3rd millennium BCE, Mesopotamian kings recorded and interpreted their dreams on wax tablets. In the years since, we haven’t paused in our quest to understand why we dream. And while we still don’t have any definitive answers, we have some theories. Here are seven reasons we might dream.

    1. In the early 1900’s, Sigmund Freud proposed that while all of our dreams, including our nightmares, are a collection of images from our daily conscious lives, they also have symbolic meanings which relate to the fulfillment of our subconscious wishes. Freud theorized that everything we remember when we wake up from a dream is a symbolic representation of our unconscious, primitive thoughts, urges and desires. Freud believed that by analyzing those remembered elements, the unconscious content would be revealed to our conscious mind, and psychological issues stemming from its repression could be addressed and resolved.

    2. To increase performance on certain mental tasks, sleep is good, but dreaming while sleeping is better. In 2010, researchers found that subjects were much better at getting through a complex 3D maze if they had napped and dreamed of the maze prior to their second attempt. In fact, they were up to ten times better at it than those who only thought of the maze while awake between attempts, and those who napped but did not dream about the maze. Researchers theorize that certain memory processes can happen only when we are asleep, and our dreams are a signal that these processes are taking place.

    3. There are about ten thousand trillion neural connections within the architecture of your brain. They are created by everything you think, and everything you do. A 1983 neurobiological theory of dreaming, called “reverse learning,” holds that while sleeping, and mainly during REM sleep cycles, your neocortex reviews these neural connections and dumps the unnecessary ones. Without this unlearning process, which results in your dreams, your brain could be overrun by useless connections, and parasitic thoughts could disrupt the necessary thinking you need to do while you’re awake.

    4. The “Continual Activation Theory” proposes that your dreams result from your brain’s need to constantly consolidate and create long term memories in order to function properly. So when external input falls below a certain level, like when you’re asleep, your brain automatically triggers the generation of data from its memory storages, which appear to you in the form of the thoughts and feelings you experience in your dreams. In other words, your dreams might be a random screensaver your brain turns on so it doesn’t completely shut down.

    5. Dreams involving dangerous and threatening situations are very common, and the Primitive Instinct Rehearsal Theory holds that the content of a dream is significant to its purpose. Whether it’s an anxiety filled night of being chased through the woods by a bear, or fighting off a ninja in a dark alley, these dreams allow you to practice your fight or flight instincts and keep them sharp and dependable, in case you’ll need them in real life. But it doesn’t always have to be unpleasant; for instance, dreams about your attractive neighbor could actually give your reproductive instinct some practice too.

    6. Stress neurotransmitters in the brain are much less active during the REM stage of sleep, even during dreams of traumatic experiences, leading some researchers to theorize that one purpose of dreaming is to take the edge off painful experiences to allow for psychological healing. Reviewing traumatic events in your dreams with less mental stress may grant you a clearer perspective and an enhanced ability to process them in psychologically healthy ways. People with certain mood disorders and PTSD often have difficulty sleeping, leading some scientists to believe that lack of dreaming may be a contributing factor to their illnesses.

    7. Unconstrained by reality and the rules of conventional logic, in your dreams your mind can create limitless scenarios to help you grasp problems and formulate solutions that you may not consider while awake. John Steinbeck called it “the Committee of Sleep” and research has demonstrated the effectiveness of dreaming on problem solving. It’s also how renowned chemist August Kekule discovered the structure of the benzene molecule, and it’s the reason that sometimes the best solution for a problem is to “sleep on it”.

    And those are just a few of the more prominent theories. As technology increases our capability for understanding the brain, it’s possible that one day we will discover the definitive reason for them; but until that time arrives, we’ll just have to keep on dreaming.

    liyanlonglaoshi4返回搜狐,查看更多

    责任编辑:

 友情链接
CopyRight 2013 中国教育资源网 www.shmeaa.com